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Insurance Analyser Series – Episode 1 – Types of insurance

Insurance is not merely a product; it’s a crucial component of financial planning that safeguards against unforeseen risks to life and health.

In this inaugural episode of our Insurance Analyzer Series, we delve into the fundamentals of insurance, shedding light on its various types and their significance in the context of India’s healthcare landscape.

What is Insurance?

Insurance is a contract between an individual or entity (the insured) and an insurance company (the insurer) in which the insured pays a premium in exchange for financial protection.

What is Health Insurance?

In straightforward terms, health insurance works like this: You pay a premium to an insurance company. In return, if you face an unexpected hospitalization, the insurance company covers the costs according to the terms of the policy.

For Example

Let’s say you have a health insurance policy with a sum insured amount of 10 lakhs.

A couple of years later, you need surgery and get hospitalized.

The insurer will cover the hospitalization expenses, subject to the policy’s terms and conditions.

Critical Illness Insurance

The expenses for treating critical illnesses are increasing rapidly.

Critical illness insurance is an additional coverage on top of normal health insurance.

It provides a pre-defined amount if you’re diagnosed with specific critical illnesses.

For Example

If you have a critical illness cover of 50 lakhs and are diagnosed with cancer, the insurance company will pay you the 50 lakhs.

Treating illnesses like cancer can be very expensive, ranging from 20 to 50 lakhs.

Critical illness coverage can be purchased alongside health insurance to deal with rising healthcare costs.

Did you know?

  • India’s medical inflation is at 14%.
  • Treatment costs nearly double every five years.
  • A 10 lakh cover today will be worth much less in five years due to rising medical costs.
  • 63% of hospital bills are paid out of pocket.
  • 7% of people fall into poverty due to healthcare expenses.
  • Diseases like heart disease and cancer are expensive to treat.

Data Source: NITI Aayog

What is Life Insurance?

Life insurance provides financial security to your family if you pass away during the policy period.

Some policies also offer a maturity benefit after a set period.

Who should consider Life Insurance?

If you’re the primary breadwinner and have dependents like parents or children, if you’ve taken a significant loan, or if you haven’t saved enough for your financial needs.

Types of Life Insurance

There are policies that combine insurance with investments (Savings policies) and those that only provide life insurance coverage (Protection policies).


In conclusion, insurance serves as a cornerstone of sound financial planning, offering protection against life’s uncertainties.

Health, critical illness, and life insurance are indispensable tools for managing risks effectively and securing the future of oneself and one’s family.

Understanding the nuances of insurance empowers individuals to make informed decisions, ensuring comprehensive financial security in the face of adversity.

Stay tuned for more insights in our Insurance Analyzer Series.

*Disclaimer – This is for information purposes only and not investment advice. Data credit to the rightful source.